Children entering Year One will already have experience of reading and spelling words with adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and flask. They will also be able to read and spell some polysyllabic words.
In Year One, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to ay as in day and a-e as in make.
Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced, e.g. ea in tea, head and break.
With practice, speed at recognising and blending graphemes will improve. Word and spelling knowledge will be worked on extensively.
During Year One, the following tricky words (which can't yet be decoded) are introduced: